Blount’s disease is a disorder that affects the lungs and is most common among children. Its symptoms can include difficulty breathing, sneezing and coughing. The condition can also cause a number of complications. If you have any of these symptoms, you should consult your physician. There are several treatment options available to you.
Blount’s disease is a condition that causes bowing and malalignment of the tibia, a bone in the lower leg. The bowing and deformity can be painful, and it may limit the child’s walking or activity. However, the majority of kids with Blount’s disease have a normal, active life. While the exact prognosis is not known, it is expected that most children with the disease can grow up to live healthy, productive life.
Early onset Blount’s disease can be treated through surgical procedures. The goal of these treatments is to correct the deformity. This is done through the osteotomy, which is an operation that straightens a part of the tibia. It is a surgery that is performed under general anaesthesia. After the procedure, a plate is placed over the affected tibia to hold the bones in place while the bone is straightened. Once the tibia is straightened, it will need to be removed a few years later.
If the tibia is bowed, the surgeon may recommend using an external fixator to straighten it. The goal of this surgery is to minimize the risks of recurrence. Since the risk of recurrence increases with age, the operation should be performed as early as possible. For children with severe bowing, an operation is also recommended.
A common cause of Blount’s disease is obesity. It is also a condition that is often caused by deficiencies in calcium, phosphorus, and Vitamin D. These deficiencies can cause the bones to be weaker and develop into other deformities. In addition, obese patients are more likely to suffer from a variety of complications. Some of these include deep vein thrombosis, diabetes, nerve injury, and infection.
X-rays of the legs can help diagnose Blount’s disease. The doctor can also use magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to determine the extent of the deformity and how the bones are growing. MRI can also show the blood supply to the bones. When the MRI is compared to an x-ray, the MRI can provide a more detailed picture.
An osteotomy is the most commonly used treatment for Blount’s disease in adolescents. During this operation, a wedge-shaped piece of bone is cut and then fixed with a plate. After the bone is corrected, the plate is removed.
The main radiographic sign of Blount’s disease is the broadening of the medial tibial physis. Patients with early-onset Blount’s disease usually have a moderate deformity. Similarly, patients with late-onset Blount’s disease have fewer deformities than those with the earlier form of the disease.
Most teenagers with Blount’s disease experience significant pain and discomfort. They may also feel their knee give way. Depending on the severity of the deformity, an osteotomy or bracing might be necessary. Treatment is usually not successful in children who have severe bowing.
Blount’s disease is a disorder of the growth plates on the bones in the legs. It can lead to painful symptoms, such as joint arthritis in the knee, as well as pain in the tibia and fibula. The treatment options for Blount’s disease vary depending on the patient’s age and the degree of the deformity.
Children with adolescent Blount’s disease have more severe symptoms, but they can usually be corrected with surgery. An osteotomy operation is the most common form of treatment. In this procedure, a small wedge of bone is removed from the tibia and fibula. During the healing process, the plate is fixed in place. This surgical technique corrects the deformity by realigning the tibia and fibula.
Hemiepiphysiodesis is another type of surgical treatment that is used to treat patients with Blount’s disease. During this procedure, a small metal plate is attached to the growth plate. The plate stops the growth of the growth plate on one side of the bone. However, the non-plated side of the growth plate continues to grow.
Bracing is also an option for children with infantile Blount’s disease. However, braces may not be effective for teenagers with the disease. If the child is over two years old, the condition is treated by using an external fixator, which provides traction to lengthen the leg.
In some cases, a teenager with Blount’s disease may feel that his knee gives way. A distraction osteogenesis operation is a type of surgery that corrects this deformity. The procedure allows the patient to stand and walk right away. After the surgery, the patient is monitored to ensure that the growth plate does not grow again.
For patients with early-onset Blount’s disease, a combination of observation and bracing is recommended. In some cases, weight loss is needed to slow the progression of the disease. Surgery is also sometimes required in patients with advanced deformities.
Other surgeries include guided growth, which corrects the deformity by straightening the bone. Guided growth hemiepiphysiodesis has been used for 45 patients. Using this technique, a small metal plate is secured to the growth plate on the inside of the bone. Typically, the plate is removed after about one or two years.
There are no specific guidelines regarding the amount of correction to be achieved. However, the goal is to make the leg as close as possible to its normal alignment. Usually, the improvement will be noticeable within twelve months of treatment.
The treatment for Blount’s disease is important, as it can make walking difficult. The most obvious symptom is bowing the leg. This can be caused by an injury or infection. In addition, it can cause pain and other problems. Because the symptoms of this disease can vary widely, it is best to have it diagnosed as soon as possible.
Blount’s disease is a skeletally immature disorder of the proximal tibia that results in a progressive deformity. In addition to the tibia vara, the most common symptoms of the condition are depression of the medial tibial plateau and internal tibial torsion. Other signs include a discrepancy in the length of the lower extremities, waddling gait and short stature. Untreated, this condition can result in premature osteoarthritis of the knees and is associated with obesity and a number of other comorbidities. Surgical treatment is recommended to minimize the risk of recurrence.
The most frequent complication of surgical treatment is wound dehiscence. However, complications vary depending on the type of surgery, age and weight of the patient. A recent study compared the early postoperative complications of outpatient and inpatient procedures. Results showed that patients with SCFE were not at a higher risk of developing complications in the first month after surgery.
Complications of outpatient surgery may be better than those of inpatients, particularly if the procedure is performed by a specialist. For this reason, the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program used pediatric registries to compare the rates of complications and readmissions. It is unclear whether this study is a valid indication of how often complications occur in outpatients. Regardless of the outcome, outpatient procedures are becoming more common and may be a good option for patients with Blount’s disease.
The study also analyzed the recurrence of varus deformity in patients with Blount’s disease. The authors determined that the rate of recurrence varied from 30 to 100 per cent. Their findings indicate that older children have a higher risk of recurrence. They also note that if recurrence occurs, it is usually because of a preoperative femorotibial angle that causes a predisposition to medial physeal growth retardation. This may contribute to the development of a secondary degenerative change in the hip and ankle joints.
Although the recurrence of the varus deformity in Blount’s disease can be prevented, there are other factors that must be considered. These factors include the age of the patient, the duration of growth suppression, and the severity of the deformity. If the recurrence deformity is severe, surgery may be required to correct the tibia. Depending on the severity of the disease, a tibial osteotomy or external fixation may be necessary to achieve correction.
Pediatric patients with Blount’s disease were excluded from the study if the primary surgery was not in agreement with their diagnosis. A chi-square test was performed to assess the differences in rates of recurrence between inpatients and outpatients. The rate of recurrence in the inpatient group was 4.2%, while the rate was 7.4% in the outpatient group. Among the cases in the inpatient group, 54.1% were discharged on a postoperative day (POD) 1. Recurrence occurred in four legs in the inpatient group, while it occurred in six legs in the outpatient group.
Blount’s Disease Symptoms, Causes & Treatment (clevelandclinic.org)