Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome

Patellofemoral pain syndrome

Patellofemoral pain syndrome is a condition that affects the knee and is one of the most common causes of knee pain. It is characterized by inflammation and irritation of the tendons and muscles of the knee. If you have this condition, you may experience symptoms such as pain in the front of the knee, swelling, stiffness, and even fever. Fortunately, there are several treatments available. These include cortisone injections, cortisone cream, and physical therapy.


Patellofemoral pain syndrome is one of the most common types of knee pain. It can occur on one or both of your knees and is usually caused by a change in the biomechanics of your leg.

The symptoms of patellofemoral pain syndrome can vary from person to person. In some cases, the condition may be mild and resolve on its own, while other cases can last a long time and require surgery.

Symptoms of patellofemoral pain syndrome often include clicking and popping sounds when bending or straightening the knee, as well as dull, aching pain. If left untreated, these symptoms can get worse with activity, especially if you are standing, kneeling, or going down steps.

When diagnosed, treatment often involves physical therapy, which can help strengthen the muscles around the knee and improve the range of motion. A healthcare provider can also prescribe medicine to reduce the pain. Anti-inflammatory medications such as ibuprofen and naproxen sodium can be used to help control the pain.

Some people may benefit from wearing a brace to support their kneecap. This can help reduce pain during activities and prevent pressure from building up. You can buy one online or ask a pharmacist for advice.

You may also find that your symptoms improve by modifying your activities. For instance, avoid running and other activities that may cause your knee to become more unstable. Instead, try to perform modified exercises that allow you to perform them without straining your knee. Avoid sitting in a bent position, as this can aggravate the pain.

Alternatively, you can use a corticosteroid injection to relieve the pain. However, it is important to consult a physician about this option before you start using it.

Another way to treat patellofemoral pain is to wear a brace to support the kneecap and stabilize the joint. Orthoses can be purchased at a pharmacy, or a podiatrist can provide you with a pair.

Other treatments can include icing and taking painkillers. These may be helpful for short-term relief, but they are not very effective at reducing swelling.


When a person has patellofemoral pain syndrome, they usually experience aching or sharp pain in the front of their knee. This condition can be caused by several factors. It can be due to an accident, injuries, medical conditions, or even improper footwear.

The pain in the anterior knee can affect the daily activities of a person. However, there are different kinds of treatments to help relieve the pain. For example, physical therapy can strengthen the muscles and ligaments and improve the range of motion. In addition, icing can help reduce swelling and pain.

Patellofemoral pain syndrome can be diagnosed by an orthopaedic doctor. This physician will perform a physical examination to evaluate the affected knee. He will also order an x-ray. An x-ray helps rule out other diseases that cause similar symptoms.

Physical Therapy can strengthen the muscles in the knee to ease pain and improve the range of motion. Depending on the severity of the problem, the physician may prescribe a knee brace to help stabilize the knee cap. A cortisone injection can provide short-term relief.

Patellofemoral pain syndrome is often caused by overuse. It is commonly seen in athletes who participate in sports with frequent running or jumping. Squatting or sitting for prolonged periods can also increase the risk of patellofemoral pain.

Some symptoms of patellofemoral pain include a clicking sound when bending the knee, increased pain while walking up stairs, and pain when standing or sitting. If the symptoms are severe, the patient may walk with a limp.

Although there are no specific diagnostic tests for the condition, a physician can use x-rays and MRI to assess the condition. The x-rays will produce detailed images of the bones and soft tissues. MRIs are more expensive than x-rays, but they can produce more detailed pictures. MRIs can also be used to determine if there are other conditions causing the symptoms.

A knee brace can help ease the pressure on the patella. Anti-inflammatory medications can be prescribed to help with the healing process. Taking rest and avoiding activities that put stress on the knee can also help.


Patellofemoral pain syndrome is one of the most common causes of knee pain. It is a disorder caused by overuse or injury to the knee joint. Symptoms include an aching or dull pain that may affect both knees. Treatment is usually conservative, but surgery may be required if conservative therapy fails.

Medications may be used to reduce pain. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are effective in reducing inflammation and swelling, while cortisone injections can provide short-term relief. Pain is often worse after long sitting in a bent knee position. However, resting the knee can help. A brace can also be worn to support the kneecap and relieve pressure. If the patella is displaced, it can be realigned with surgery.

Physical therapy can improve the range of motion and endurance. It can also strengthen muscles around the knee joint and rebalance them. For example, if the vastus medialis oblique quadriceps muscle is weak, it can pull the patella out of line.

There are a variety of other treatments that can be used to help the patella remain in line. For example, a physiotherapist can use a support brace to stabilize the kneecap and rebalance the knee. This can help reduce the strain on the knee and make exercise more comfortable.

Surgery is generally reserved for patients with severe, persistent pain. Surgery is a last resort, but it can be done to realign the patella or remove the damaged bone.

Surgery is often done through tiny incisions. In addition, a surgeon can remove fragments of damaged cartilage and tendons. Occasionally, the bone will need to be removed completely.

MRIs and CT scans are more costly than X-rays, but they can give a detailed image of the knee. They are a good way to rule out more serious knee conditions.

Physical therapy can strengthen the knee and the hips. Stretching exercises can also be performed to ease the pain. NSAIDs, ice and a brace can also be used to reduce the pain.

Surgery is a last resort for the treatment of patellofemoral pain syndrome. Generally, people can expect to recover from the disease within four to six weeks.

Long-term prognosis

Patellofemoral pain syndrome is a condition that affects the area of the kneecap. It is a painful condition that can be caused by physical trauma, overuse, or other conditions.

The prognosis of patellofemoral pain syndrome depends on the severity of the disorder and your age. Some patients can self-treat the symptoms, while others may need to see an orthopaedic surgeon for treatment.

Treatment options include ice packs, rest, and NSAIDs. You may also use an orthotic device to keep the knee in proper alignment. These devices can be purchased at your local drugstore.

Physical therapy and range-of-motion exercises can help you recover from patellofemoral pain. Your doctor will ask you to perform these exercises to improve the stability of your knee. Keeping your leg elevated and avoiding impact can also help reduce pain.

If you have been diagnosed with patellofemoral pain syndrome, you might need to stop participating in sports or exercise. This will give your body a chance to heal. In some cases, you might need surgery to fix a misaligned kneecap.

Surgery is considered a last resort if conservative treatment fails. Patients may have to undergo an MRI before surgery can be performed. X-rays can be used to diagnose patellofemoral pain and rule out other knee problems.

The RICE protocol (Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation) can be used to treat patellofemoral pain. This involves elevating the knee above heart level and putting ice packs on it frequently. Applying a knee brace can also help relieve pressure.

In some cases, a surgeon may remove a portion of the damaged kneecap cartilage. However, there is no guarantee that this will cure the problem. Another option is to realign the patella. Alternatively, you may be able to heal the disease by strengthening the muscles in your legs and hips.

For patients who want to avoid surgery, rest and physical therapy can be helpful. Using an orthotic can also help to stabilize the knee and ankle. They can be custom-made by a physician or can be bought at your local drugstore.
Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome – OrthoInfo – AAOS
Patellofemoral pain syndrome | Health Information | Bupa UK
Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome | NHS Lanarkshire (

Categorized in: